As we mentioned in a previous note, the report called "The job of the future: creating better jobs in the age of smart machines”Yielded four very important findings: 1) Most American workers have done badly, 2) Robots and artificial intelligence will not create a future without work, 3) Training of workers in the United States must adapt to the market , and 4) Workers need more power, voice and representation.
On the first point, the aforementioned study points out that the United States economy produces greater wage differences, since the wages of average American workers have stagnated. Real wages for men without four-year college degrees have dropped 10 to 20 percent since their peak in 1980, and two-thirds of American workers do not have four-year college degrees, according to the portal The New York Times.
The second point of the study indicates that robots and artificial intelligence are still far from offering a future without work. In the case of autonomous cars and trucks, MIT researchers conclude that their widespread use would be at least a decade away. With regard to warehouses, there are companies that have advanced with automated systems, however, they still need human intervention, and will need it for several more years, because in general, robots do not have the flexibility and dexterity of human workers.
The third point of the aforementioned study refers to the training of workers in the United States, since it is considered that public-private partnerships will have a great impact in terms of skills training with business demand. Likewise, the report recommends granting tax credits for training assumed by the employer.
Finally, it points out the need to increase the minimum wage, unemployment insurance coverage, and modification of labor regulations regarding collective bargaining for domestic workers, home care workers and self-employed workers. At the same time, changes are also recommended in tax laws that favor corporate spending on machines instead of workers. This last point is one of the most controversial, since it depends on political factors, however, the recommendation aims to take this point into account as a different economic and legal framework.