The European Commission opened a formal investigation against Apple on the rules of the App Store last Tuesday with the aim of determining if the rules for application developers violate the competition rules of the European Union, as reported by the with the BBC. The Commission has pointed out that, specifically, the investigations concern the mandatory use of the company's own in-app purchasing system and restrictions on the ability of developers to inform users about cheaper alternative purchasing possibilities outside of the Applications.
The Commission will investigate the possible impact of the company's practices particularly in the area of e-books and music streaming. This is the result of complaints filed by Spotify and certain distributors of audiobooks and e-books.
If the allegations are proven, the European Commission has communicated that Apple would be contravening the competition rules of the European Union regarding anti-competition agreements between companies; specifically, article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) and article 102, on abuse of a dominant position.